Deployment problems for sandbox solutions

I will list here different problems and their resolutions when we are trying to deploy sandbox solutions. That might help me quickly resolve these in future.

Problem 1: Error occurred in deployment step ‘Retract Solution': Cannot start service SPUserCodeV4

I was working on a project which involved creating a simple Webpart and must be tested in sandbox environment, I tried to deploy it after some initial working, I got that message on deployment.

Where did that service is, I looked around and found that I need to start that service in Central Administration, as outlined below.

  1. Open Central Administration
  2. Click on “System Settings”
  3. Then click on “Manage services on this server”
  4. A list of services will be displayed, some of them will be stopped
  5. Look for “Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service”
  6. Click on “start” on the last column, your services will be started shortly.

Now go back to your solution and try re-deploying.

How associations are mapped when using Code First with Entity Framework

Mapping single class with a table was bit easy and fun. Next should be mapping associations, first I will try to map a simple one, using our existing application code. A person can have multiple email addresses.

So here is the modified code for person


    public class PersonItem
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string FirstName { get; set; }
        public string LastName { get; set; }
        public string Gender { get; set; }
        public Nullable<DateTime> BirthDate { get; set; }

        public virtual ICollection<EmailItem> Emails { get; set; }

        public PersonItem() { this.Emails = new List<EmailItem>(); }
    }

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Customizing schema generation when using Code First with Entity Framework

In my previous post I generated a database without any mapping or customization, I got what Entity Framework could coerce from my class. Look at the schema which was generated.

generated table schema

Let’s see what I did not like about this.

  • table name is not what I like to have
  • Id was not marked as identity column, so no auto generation for this column
  • all alphanumeric columns are created using nvarchar(MAX) which is not good too
  • and the last, I wanted to use only date for birthdate not datetime

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Using code first with Entity Framework for generating database

I was working on a personal project today, and did a lot of experiments on Code First Model with Entity Framework. All of these were quite amazing and revealed a lot of underlying implementation and how things have progressed in Entity Framework world. I looked at various articles which helped me understand all these aspects, and am grateful of all of them. So I thought why not write some posts of mine too, just to document what I have learned, so that others might benefit from it too.

For that purpose I am starting with a simplest item, I will try to generate a database for a single class, and see how it looks. By the way I am using Entity Framework 5.

Here is the class, which I will work on.

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using Func<T, TResult> for efficiently using DataReader

Today I was helping on a project which was using ADO.NET SQL Client. Wow, it looks so much scary, and old. I was asked to do some tweaks, so that data layer could be organized. Can I use Repository pattern here, one of the ways to add separation of responsibility these days.

So I started on creating a base class for these repositories. I thought of managing all connection related code in that base class. That was quite easy when I moved ExecuteNonQuery related calls here. Next came the hardest part ExecuteReader, how to send back DataReader without loosing control on my connection state. I can not move all reader related usage in base class, that would negate single responsibility rule.

Hmm, one way would be to create a virtual method in base class, and then each inherited class can override and implement it’s own mapping rules in it. I did small test with that, but soon was struck, what about mapping compositions. If I used this approach then I will have to add multiple conditional cases to map each item properly.

Then I thought of passing in mapper related methods as delegate, not bad. But why not use new concepts, Action<T, T …> / Func<T, …, TResult> / Predicate<T, …, bool>.

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Installing pre-requisites for SharePoint Foundation 2010

Installing any application is not a hard part, but preparing your system for that installation takes some time and considerations. While installing Foundation today, I had the same issue myself. I did not know which pre-requisites should be installed first. I searched for it, and found different combinations, but one told me to run the pre-requisite installer first, it will let you know what are missing for you. Here are those which were required on my machine.

For some you will have to look for the specific download for your operating system (x86 / x64).

I downloaded and installed them, and was able to proceed next. By the way, did I mentioned that I am using Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard with Service Pack 1.

UPDATE: I found a PowerShell script for downloading all these pre-requisites, grab it from here, it might be handy too. http://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/office/bcf3332d-f726-4ac7-b01a-eeda4b7ece8e

which webservices are available in which version of SharePoint

We are working on a client application, which required to access data from SharePoint too. The best way to do that is to consume webservices exposed by SharePoint. While consuming them, we wanted to make sure which services are available in which version. We tried to find any matrix for that, but could not find one. So I thought of building it myself, so that others can reference it.

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Why XML request is not properly parsed by WCF REST service?

Today we had a very rough day, one of us had created a WCF REST service, and other one was trying to consume it in his IOS application, but he was not getting the correct response. We tested that call using Fiddler, could not find any problem in that. We tried very hard to troubleshoot why was that happening, but no luck.

We enabled WCF trace and message logging, although we could not log the actual message body, but we were able to review the headers of both calls. We found several differences other than the user-agent, and we experimented with most of them.

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log4net – another way to change log file location on runtime

In my previous post I wrote about the simplest way of specifying logging location, which limited the solution only to environment variables set on a particular machine. However if you wanted to expand on all types of special folders available in Windows then we will have to look for a different solution, fortunately support for that is also available within log4net.

Difficulty level of this solution is a bit high, but it provides nearly 60 locations to choose from, as it uses “Environment.SpecialFolder” enumeration.

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